1964, London, Beaux Arts Gallery, Leon Kossoff: A Selection of Paintings 1949-1964, April - June 1964, cat. no. 18
2000, London, Austin Desmond Fine Art, Aspects of Modern British Art, cat. no. 48 (col. illus.)
2018, London, Tate Britain, All Too Human: Bacon, Freud and a Century of Painting Life, 28 Feb. - 27 Aug. 2018
2019, London, Piano Nobile, Leon Kossoff: A London Life, 1 March - 22 May 2019, cat. no. 6
LiteratureElena Crippa, ed., All Too Human: Bacon, Freud and a Century of Painting Life, Tate Publications, 2018, pp. 127 and 216 (col. illus.)
Andrew Dempsey, Lulu Norman and Jackie Wullschlager, Leon Kossoff: A London Life, Piano Nobile, 2019, pp. 50-3 (col. illus.)
This work will be included in the forthcoming catalogue raisonné of Leon Kossoff's oil paintings:
Andrea Rose, ed., Leon Kossoff: Catalogue Raisonné of the Oil Paintings, Modern Art Press
Standing on the road bridge, looking out across this open expanse, Kossoff was able to take in not just the industrialised landscape but also the horizon. Because the railway lines are so wide there, it follows that the horizon is also unusually broad – unbroken by high rises and interrupted only by passing trains. As such, Kossoff was drawn not simply to a bleak expanse of trainyard but also to the simple openness of the skyline, and the opportunity this afforded to watch the dawn. As he wrote later, as work on a subject progresses, ‘[t]he time of day becomes more important – if I do a drawing in the morning then the painting I go back and work upon becomes a ‘morning painting’’.
This is not the only painting in Kossoff’s oeuvre to depict Willesden Junction early in the morning. One instance is Willesden Junction (Early Morning) (1962, University of Reading), a work which suggests the light and air of dawn in spring with its high-key palette of grey, pink and yellow. By contrast, the dawn depicted in Willesden Junction is blackened and glowering. Despite the darkened morning, however, Kossoff had started to use bold and non-naturalistic colouring at this time. Accordingly, the sky in this work is shaded in a robust, saturated blue, and the foreground is marked by streaks of orange, red and yellow. These hard, bright colours would not fully emerge in his work until the 1970s, but their presence here indicates how new surroundings and new scenery prompted in Kossoff new creative ideas.
To capture this moment of the dawn breaking over the tracks, Kossoff would rise early and catch the day before it had begun. To explain his intensive, self-imposed schedule of work, Frank Auerbach has suggested that ‘he’d learnt how to work because his father laboured eighteen hours a day in the baker’s shop.’ (Auerbach had direct knowledge of how hard it was to run the Kossoff family bakery, having occasionally worked there himself when he was a student.) A similar point was also made by Helen Lessore, who offered Kossoff his first solo exhibition at Beaux Arts Gallery. ‘He’s only really ever been interested in working, with the occasional visit to great paintings.’